Quand la poussière se dissipe : retour sur les tremblements de terre qui ont secoué le Népal

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25 April 2016
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WaterAid/Ravi Mishra

Les tremblements de terre qui ont frappé le Népal en avril et mai 2015 ont impacté le travail de WaterAid de nombreuses façons. Les membres de notre personnel ont perdu leur maison, les projets ont été interrompus, de nouveaux partenariats ont été établis et nous avons rapidement fourni une aide d'urgence dans des circonstances exceptionnelles. Un an plus tard, la reconstruction est toujours en cours. Rémi Kaupp, spécialiste des catastrophes chez WaterAid UK, revient sur le travail accompli, les leçons tirées et le rôle que nous pouvons jouer pour aider le Népal à se relever.

Last year, I led a small team to review the work done by WaterAid after the earthquake and identify the main lessons of our response. For a development organisation like us, without stocks of supplies or a disaster staff roster, responding to such an emergency is an exceptional challenge. We did not have much choice in this case; our partners and the communities we support were directly affected, and there was a strong moral imperative to contribute to the relief efforts.

Emergency response: lessons for a development organisation

Fortunately, many of my colleagues had good experience in emergencies, and those in neighbouring countries quickly provided help too. We coordinated with humanitarian organisations through the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Cluster, as usual in disasters, to identify where to work and what help was most needed. After initial assessments and listening to our partners, we focused heavily on hygiene (a neglected issue but a crucial one to prevent diseases) by providing kits and sensitisation sessions, and leading the sub-cluster on that topic.

As part of the review, I produced a short brief PDF highlighting:

  • The innovations we introduced – such as inclusive toilets, new technologies and different kinds of partnerships – and how we could better exchange knowledge.
  • How we quickly adapted to an emergency situation, and how we could be better prepared.
  • How we followed humanitarian best practice, and how we could be more useful to others in clusters by better defining our potential roles in emergencies.

I would love to hear feedback from other professionals in the sector – What are we missing? Have you had the same challenge at your NGO? Tweet me your thoughts @RemKau.

Recovery and reconstruction: looking ahead

The recovery and reconstruction work in Nepal suffered several setbacks. It took a long time for the National Reconstruction Authority to be set up and functional. An economic blockade from neighbouring India following Nepal’s new constitution increased the difficulties.

Despite these challenges, WaterAid Nepal, together with other NGOs, managed to contribute to the recovery effort. Our work mostly included the reconstruction of affected infrastructure, such as gravity-fed water supply networks, and supporting communities to return to Open Defecation Free status, whereby everybody has toilets – including those now living with disabilities. We also installed toilets in camps, and worked on menstrual hygiene by training community members to manufacture pads.  which provides more detail about this as well as stories from our work.

Beyond reconstruction, we now need to tackle wider issues in our sector, especially the chronic under-funding of water and sanitation (let alone of services that can withstand future disasters), the worrying water security crisis, and the WASH sector’s preparedness, starting with WaterAid and our partners. Only then can we be ready to act should the unthinkable happen again.

Rémi Kaupp tweets as @remkau