We use the most appropriate, affordable and sustainable solution to address the local sanitation situation. There are different ways to develop and implement a sanitation programme, and elements of each approach can be combined to suit a particular context.
The following technology briefs provide more information on the different types of sanitation infrastructure.
- Community-managed latrines are larger than individual latrines and can be used more people. When designing public and community latrines, it is especially important to consider the needs of women and girls.
- Institutional and public toilets. We provide water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities in schools, healthcare centres and public toilets around the world, aiming to model good practice that will influence national guidelines and standards.
- Household sanitation prevents open defecation and curbs the spread of disease-causing pathogens.
- Urban pit waste management. All pit latrines, septic tanks and aqua privies will eventually become full, and will need to be emptied.
- Wastewater treatment is essential to prevent pathogens from entering the environment and causing disease.
Sanitation technology posters
- The 'Gulper'
- Ventilated improved pit latrines
- Composting latrines
- Accessible latrines
- School toilets
- Handy pods
Top image: Anita Das cleans her new toilet, raised to withstand flood waters, in Trimohoni, Dacop, Khulna, Bangladesh.